COVID-19 is forcing an unprecedented level of reverse migration of Nepali temporary labor migrant workers from around the world. The long and pervasive global economic crisis is expected to have devastating consequences for low-paid migrant workers, who rely on foreign employment to support their families. Using qualitative research design, this study will explore the social and economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic-related reverse migration of Nepali temporary labor migrant workers.
The proposed study is supported by International Organization for Migration (ILO) and aims to identify existing gaps, barriers and challenges that both prohibit and inhibit men and women migrant workers from accessing justice with complaints related to recruitment, and also identify practical solutions and policy changes to address these issues.
The primary objective of this study is to understand the situation of Nepali migrant workers’ access to justice amid the Covid-19 pandemic. It is expected that the study will help recommend the Government of Nepal (GoN) for the formulation and implementation of plans and strategies related to effective justice mechanisms.
On behalf of Nepal Planning Commission (NPC) and with the support of ILO, CESLAM is undertaking the task of developing a monitoring and reporting framework to help the NPC establish a standard set of tools and mechanisms on labour migration-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets and indicators that would help it report the progress on SDGs to UN High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. The tools and mechanisms will also benefit other actors working in the area of labour and migration and the decent work agenda in Nepal.
CESLAM will provide technical support to the Government of Province 1 to develop approaches, methodological tools and indicators for the migration profile and throughout the execution of the profiling exercise. The migration profile will provide comprehensive provincial data on migration, including data on internal and international migration; in- and out-migration; migration for labour, education, and permanent settlement; skills and labour market integration of returnee migrants; and seasonal and long-term labour migration, to allow the provincial and local governments of Province 1 to optimise the benefits of migration.
CESLAM is a partner organisation of the international collaborative research project on migration and agricultural and rural change (AGRUMIG). The research project seeks to explore the two-way interface between agrarian and environmental change in migrant-sending communities, offering comparative insights between seven countries – Nepal, China, Ethiopia, Thailand, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova and Morocco.
Migration to South Korea and Japan through government-to-government (G2G) partnerships known as the Employment Permit System (EPS) and the Japan Training Cooperation Organization (JITCO), respectively, have provided some positive experiences to migrant workers, particularly in the labour migration process, and have been hailed as international best practices on foreign labour migration.
CESLAM will conduct an extensive quantitative and qualitative study exploring how parent's/parents' engagement in foreign employment affects children's health and wellbeing. This study could be instrumental in designing relevant policies, including those relating to social protection, targeting the children of migrant workers.
This study will conduct an in-depth examination of various international, national and local organisations in Nepal, that are working to create a conducive environment for the safe, smooth and just migration of Nepali workers, to understand the different areas of activities, the kind of institutional roles they play, the overlap and collaboration arrangements among them and their contribution or otherwise to furthering the goal of making migration safer for Nepali workers.
This study examines and analyses the experiences of Nepali migrant workers for South Korea in different phases of the migration process. The study will assess mental health and wellbeing of migrant workers in different phases of migration process, from enrolment in Korean language class in Nepal through employment in Korea. The study also aims to understand future aspirations, including career choice, of those who do not succeed in migrating to Korea for work.
This research aims to experimentally test whether seasonal a migration subsidy programme has positive impacts in addressing seasonal food insecurity in rural Nepal. It will also explore how migration may transform rural, agricultural labour markets by studying the effects of seasonal migration on both rural labour supply and labour demand.