Province 1 contributes the highest number of migrant workers for foreign jobs, among all provinces in Nepal, according to a report on labour migration. It ranks number one for the last nine years, sending 25.51 percent foreign workers from fiscal year 2008-09 to 2016-17.
The report, prepared by researchers of the Social Science Baha, with the support from the UN Women, shows 55 percent of women migrated to improve their household economic conditions, 24 percent to ensure a better future for their children and 22 percent to get out of debt.
In spite of rules intended to protect Nepal’s women migrants from abuse, many travel abroad through back channels and recent reports have surfaced of Nepali immigration officials colluding with traffickers. The latest protective measure issued by the government temporarily bans Nepali nationals from traveling to Gulf countries on tourist visas if they haven’t gone before.
Peter Malnak, mission director at the United States Agency for International Development (USAid), released the report titled “Labour Migration and the Remittance Economy: The Socio-Political Impact”, which is based on a study carried out in the five districts by the Centre for the Study of Labour and Mobility at Social Science Baha.